OVERWEIGHT IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS: CLINICAL VARIABLES, MOTIVATIONAL AND FAMILY PSYCHOSOCIAL RISK

Maria Camila Buarraj Gomes, André Luiz Monezi Andrade, Wagner de Lara Machado, Sônia Regina Fiorim Enumo

Resumo


This study evaluated the relationships between anthropometric, dietary, motivational, and psychosocial variables among children and adolescents with overweight and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We evaluated 45 participants (6-17 years) in anthropometric terms, nutritional consumption, motivation for treatment, and family psychosocial risk by using statistical analyses (Student’s t-Test or Chi-Square). It was detected that 37.8% of the families had a high psychosocial risk, 82.2% were obese, 33.3% with NAFLD, high motivation (93.3%), but low adherence to treatment (2.4%). Participants with NAFLD presented higher psychosocial risk, significantly greater obesity severity, waist and neck circumference, and Body Mass Index. They reported lower adherence to treatment, high carbohydrate consumption, ultra-processed products, high energy density, and low fiber, with poor nutritional quality. Interventions should consider the motivation for treatment and psychosocial risks, especially in cases with NAFLD.

Palavras-chave


Pediatric obesity; Fatty liver; Risk factors; Anthropometry; Food consumption

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17765/2176-9206.2019v12n2p409-418

Saúde e Pesquisa
Unicesumar, Maringá (PR), Brasil
ISSN 2176-9206 On-line
Contato: naep@unicesumar.edu.br

ISSN 1983-1870 Versão impressa interrompido em 2019

Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional.